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Regia Trazzera Street of Alcantara

The road access of the village was built since the medieval period by a series of “Trazzere” (trials for the passage of carts and animals that passed through the fields), out of which some indicated as “Regie”.

In reality, the medieval street infrastructure of the territory can be traced back to the Greco-Roman period, as there is a coincidence between first the roman and then the Norman road access, dating back to the road access of 1700, always conditioned by the means of transport that remaines for centuries based on the load burden beast.

The Trazzera, a type of street that lies halfway between path and camp trail, used in the beginning by the animals during the transhumance, becomes gradually rural street, assuming with time the important function of communication means between towns, villages and districts. Across centuries Trazzeraservedin thebest possible way, to the transfers and travels of peasants, wayfarers, shepherds, pelegrins, merchants, kings and troups by foot or on horseback.

The “Regie Trazzere”, by which we understand the routes that were “regulated for use”, are born in the XIII century, accompanying the rise of Federico II of Svevia to the power of the Sicilian reign. Nevertheless, the rules imposed by official power are many times infringed by sovereigns and land owners who keep on requesting their right of passage.

Order tries to be re-establishedonly during the Burbon period, setting among other the legal width of the main “reggie trazzere” at 8 canne and 2 palms (approx. 38m), the free passage and free grazing.

For this territory, the most important street was Via Regia (cited by Norman documents), that connected Termini to Messina, passing through Castronovo, Petralia, Nicosia, Troina, Randazzo, lower Motta, S Placido Monastery and therefore Messina.

The segment of street that continues through Taormina is nothing else than the "Regia Trazzera of Alcantara”. There is still an ancient public street in Landeria di Motta district, that can be very well traced between Finaita and Gangi, along the Alcantara river, drawing therefore the "Regia Trazzera of Alcantara”. Thisstreet, once it passed the Furnari river, went up to the passage of Mala-muglieri, discended until the feet of Batiazza, following therefore Saint Paolo torrent next to the small church of Francavilla di Sicilia, ran uplandalong the coast San Giovani, ending up in the Zavianni river and joining the ancient road of Mulinelli, crossing again the Saint Paolo riverbed and entering the quarter of Spatola, Fondaco Motta mule track, Vecchia Ladreria street, Sciara, the passage of Saint Cataldo, Finaita, Graniti Torrent and Gaggi.